November 9, 1938

Americans have some dates burned in their memory. September 11 and December 6 are two notorious dates where Americans were attacked, killed and suffered extreme hardships. It is important as Americans to remember these dates and honor the fallen. However, as citizens of the world we MUST remember today as well because it is the 74th anniversary of Kristallnacht. Tonight were the first attacks on Jewish homes in Germany. At least 91 Jews were killed in the attacks, and a further 30,000 arrested and incarcerated in concentration camps. Jewish homes, hospitals, and schools were ransacked, over 1,000 synagogues were burned and Jewish businesses destroyed or damaged. Millions of others experienced death and torture by the lunatic Hitler. We must never forget and always honor this day. Things are much better in Europe now for Jewish people that have remained or returned over all these years. However, last year when visiting Italy I saw it was still necessary for soldiers to guard the synagogue in Milan and heavy fences kept out even curious tourists like myself.

Please visit my gallery to see other, more uplifting images of Europe. Click here.

Synagogue in Milan Italy

2 responses to “November 9, 1938

  1. This is hardly an occasion to start an argument. However, I feel I have to add a few things: 9th of November was not the start of attacks against Jews in Germany. That night was the climax in what was planned a long time already and erupted starting November 7th until November 10th. But already before, Jews were arrested, mistreated and brought into concentration camps.
    Already earlier in 1938, shops had to sign their windows in big white letters if they were owned by a Jew. Each Rabbi had to register their people at the local government, each Jew had to stamp their ID to be identified as a Jew easily. Also, German government was prepared to move 30000 Jews into concentration camps and ordered the extension of the three major ones already in October. The assassination by Grynzspan at November 7th was simply used to start what is now known as the november progrom.

    It is one of the darkest nights in German history. However, it is also one of the most positive ones. Nov 9th, 1989 is marked as the end of the inner-German border. Both dates are connected to each other. I would not go as far as to honor this day because of what happened in 1938, but this is a date, to remember that horrible things can happen if we do not stand up against injustice as soon as we see it and that it is worth to get up and have your voice be heard.

    All the best, Andreas

    • One of things that I like about blogging is connecting with people form other countries. I appreciate your comments and am aware of the history. In the United States and other countries there are still many people that are not aware of this history and some that would deny it. I know denying the holocaust in some countries like Germany is a crime and in other countries like Iran this denial is common. The purpose of the post was to get people to use this date to remember this time and yes, to honor the victims but also, as you point out can also be used to celebrate the reunification of Germany. It is a day that is as important to remember as a world citizen as 9/11 and 12/6 are days to help us remember our recent American history. Many people can’t handle the detail that you provide, but hopefully next year on 11/9 will remember the November Progrom. Hell, I bet many Americans don’t know what the word Progrom means.

      Anyhow, thanks for your input and best regards,
      Richard Burke

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